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In this site, you will find some beautiful examples of 1431 ancient coins, struck mainly in Anatolia (Asia Minor).  The coins are mostly of Turkic or Turkoman origin.  I will try to exhibit some coins of other Anatolian or relating nations too.  From a certain angle of view, they are all Anatolian peoples, intermingled with each other, during the long centuries of the history. You may also meet some coins from the neighboring regions as far as they relate to the history of Anatolia.

Best viewed with Internet Explorer and monitor resolution of 1024 x 768.

To see everything as it is, adjust the language setting of Internet Explorer to "Turkish (Windows)"

Updated in  February 21, 2007.



Seljuqs of Rum

"Anadolu Selçukluları"

1075-1318  484 coins



1256-1357  517 coins

Great Mongol Khans

"Büyük Moğol Hanları"

1206-1257  10 coins  



1101-1408  115 coins



1127-1262  32 coins



1174-1524  40 coins



1071-1174  9 coins



1100-1207  2 coins



1071-1202  1 coin



1144-1232  1 coin



1071-1277  1 coin

Armenians of Cilicia

"Kilikya Ermenileri"  

1080-1375  222 coins

The Empire of Trebizond

"Trabzon Rum İmparatorluğu" 

1204-1461  3 coins   



The major problem in preparing such a site is in writing down eastern names and legends according to English spelling, which are written with Arabic characters.  So, for the time being, in spelling, as far as possible, I prefer to follow the standards in Encyclopædia Britannica and Merriam-Webster.  The other problem is pronunciation.  Sometimes it is very hard to represent the exact sounds with English alphabet.  For example you can see the name of "Keyhüsrev" is spelled in different ways such as "Kai Khusrau, Kaikosru, Kay-Khusraw" and so on.  None of these give us the exact pronunciation.  I also include the names and legends as written in Turkish too, in "...".  If you feel like being more authentic you may try to pronounce Turkish words by using my Pronunciation Key.  To see a few  special Turkish characters correctly, you may select "Turkish Windows" among the languages in your Internet Explorer.  This selection will not make any change in normal Latin characters.  You will also see some Arabic writings in some pages.  They are simply universal Microsoft symbols.  So you do not need to have installed Arabic fonts in your PC to see them.  Mongolian legends also are pictures in .jpg format to let you to see them easily. 

The third problem is, in chronology.  Ancient Islamic states, like most of them also today, were using hijri calendar.  The dates on the coins were written according to hijri calendar.  In my pages I included hijri dates too, as A.H., an abbreviation standing for "Anno Higerae".  As starting point, hijri calendar takes the date of prophet Mohammad's immigration from Mecca to Medina in the year of 622 A.D.  "A.D." stands for "Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi". So 622 A.D. corresponds roughly to 1 A.H.  Hijri calendar is lunar and not solar like the Gregorian calendar we use today.  Hijri year is about 11 days shorter than Gregorian year.  Any hijri date, given only as year, can not be converted exactly to Gregorian date, simply because the two do not superimpose.  To learn more about this topic you may go to my links page.

The collection, you will see here, consists of 1431 coins, as total.  Together with my own coins, it includes generous contributions from the private collections from my friends Üstün Erek, Ümit Ekenek, Hakan Sepici who are living in İzmir and my dear friend Edmond Wardeh from Lebanon.

I owe my sincere thanks to Stephen Album, Tuncer Şengün,  Dr. Mohammad S Jazzar, Johann-Cristoph Hinrichs for their invaluable contributions, and especially to Gültekin Teoman for his assistance in reading the coins.

By the way,  if you find something wrong or inappropriate,  I appreciate your contributions.  My name is Mehmet Eti, and my address is:  Mehmeteti at ttnet dot net dot tr

I am not in the position to expertise any coin.  Please do not contact to me for this purpose.

Private pages

Mehmet Eti     Üstün Erek    Ümit Ekenek    Edmond Michael Wardeh   Hakan Sepici

Some useful pages

Howto to read the dates on Seljuq coins

The History of Anatolia  (For now, it is only Turkish.  I am working on the English version)

Pronunciation Key   My links page   Latest updates   Best of my slides

How to write and read with Arabic characters.

How to unite obverse and reverse sides of the coins in Photoshop.

What is in the back of sun and lion figure on Kaykhusraw II coins

The coins of Imad al-Dunya wa al-Din 'Isma'il bin Abu Bakr and crusader imitations of the time.

Traditional Turkish Jewelry

No part or portion of the pages in this site, text(s), image(s) or code(s) may be copied, reproduced, published or distributed by whatever way in any medium without the expressed written permission of the copyright holder, unless you use the above mentioned matter for personal educational or scientific purposes with no intention of publishing it by whatever way under your or any other name.